Diseases of the lungs are

Diseases of the lungs are investigated by detailed clinical examination, thoracic auscultation and percussion, digital radiography and ultrasonographic examination of the thoracic cavity. Videoendoscopy allows visualisation of…

Diseases of the lungs are investigated by detailed clinical examination, thoracic auscultation and percussion, digital radiography and ultrasonographic examination of the thoracic cavity. Videoendoscopy allows visualisation of the trachea and major bronchi, and collection of samples of fluid for cytological and bacteriological examination in our on-site laboratory. In horses presenting with pleural effusion, samples of fluid may be taken from the thoracic cavity and lung biopsy performed where appropriate, to allow definitive diagnosis.
Management of these cases, including selection of appropriate inhaled medication can uses for clotrimazole and betamethasone cream be advised upon. Repeat evaluations, to betamethasone valerate expiration date assess response to treatment, is encouraged.