Though the urinary tract has

Though the urinary tract has several safeguards to protect against bacteria, infections still occasionally occur.
Bacterial betamethasone mims urinary tract infections (UTIs) typically result from normal skin and GI…

Though the urinary tract has several betamethasone medicinal chemistry safeguards to protect against bacteria, infections still occasionally occur betamethasone 17 valerate .
Bacterial urinary tract infections (UTIs) typically result from normal skin and GI tract flora ascending the urinary tract and overcoming the normal urinary tract defenses that prevent colonization. Bacterial UTI is the most common infectious disease of dogs, affecting 14% of all dogs during their lifetime. Although UTIs are uncommon in young cats, the incidence of UTI is much higher in older cats, which may be more susceptible to infection because of diminished host defenses secondary to aging or concomitant disease (such as diabetes mellitus, renal failure, or hyperthyroidism). Approximately two-thirds of those cats also have some degree of renal failure. Bacterial UTIs in ruminants are associated with catheterization or parturition in females and as both a cause and consequence of urolithiasis in males. In horses, UTIs are uncommon and typically associated with bladder paralysis, urolithiasis, or urethral damage.